By Department of Defense,U.S. Army
The enemy weapon of selection is the improvised explosive machine (IED), that's frequently put on or close to the shoulder of a paved highway normally inside of ten toes of the pavement. such a lot IED blasts come now not from without delay beneath the car, yet from front at an indirect attitude, or without delay on the flank. due to this, such a lot efforts to armor autos in Iraq are orientated extra seriously towards the doorways and fenders than the floorboard. In different components, equivalent to Afghanistan, the most important danger is land mines, that are buried on unimproved roads. IEDs are labeled in 3 varieties: Static IEDs, motor vehicle Borne IEDs (VBIED) and individual Borne IEDs (PBIED). even though the strategy of supply differs among the periods, the 3 kinds of IED frequently proportion an identical features. the commonest kind is the static IED. IEDs will be command detonated, sufferer actuated, or timed. even if IEDs might be detonated utilizing mechanical potential, they're most ordinarily detonated utilizing hardwired structures, radio managed platforms, or extra lately, passive infra-red sensors. motor vehicle alarms, battery-powered distant doorbells, distant managed gentle switches, key fobs, distant managed toys, hand held radios, lengthy diversity cordless phones, storage door openers, and mobile phones are universal technique of detonation. Any and every kind of insulated twine can be utilized to attach the detonator to the explosive. IEDs in Theater frequently contain army ordnance, yet they are often devised utilizing non-military parts to boot. IEDs can be formed from mortar shells, artillery projectiles, anti-tank mines, diesel gasoline or mogas, rockets, black powder, fertilizer, chemical explosives, family cleansing items, and so forth. IEDs could be daisy chained. A daisy chain is 2 or extra explosive units stressed out jointly in order that a unmarried sign will detonate the entire munitions immediately. Daisy chained IEDs will not be constrained to 1 facet of the line. they're put on each side, and configured to detonate simultaneously
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Additional info for 21st Century U.S. Military Manuals: Convoy Survivability Training Support Package - Defense Against Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) and Roadside Bombs (Professional Format Series)
21st Century U.S. Military Manuals: Convoy Survivability Training Support Package - Defense Against Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) and Roadside Bombs (Professional Format Series) by Department of Defense,U.S. Army